Cyber crimes can be defined as the unlawful acts where the computer is used either as a tool or a target or both. The term is a general term that covers crimes like phishing, credit card frauds, bank robbery, illegal downloading, industrial espionage, child pornography, kidnapping children via chat rooms, scams, cyber terrorism, creation and/or distribution of viruses, Spam and so on.

Cyber crime is a broad term that is used to define criminal activity in which computers or computer networks are a tool, a target, or a place of criminal activity and include everything from electronic cracking to denial of service attacks. It also covers the traditional crimes in which computers or networks are used to enable the illicit activity.


Cyber crimes are a new class of crimes which are increasing day by day due to extensive use of internet these days. To combat the crimes related to internet The Information Technology Act, 2000 was enacted with prime objective to create an enabling environment for commercial use of I.T. The IT Act specifies the acts which have been made punishable. The Indian Penal Code, 1860 has also been amended to take into its purview cyber crimes. The various offenses related to internet which have been made punishable under the IT Act and the IPC are enumerated below

1. Cyber crimes under the IT Act :

  • Tampering with Computer source documents - Sec.65
  • Hacking with Computer systems, Data alteration - Sec.66
  • Un-authorised access to protected system Sec.70 Breach of Confidentiality and Privacy - Sec.72
  • Publishing false digital signature certificates - Sec.73

2. Cyber Crimes under IPC and Special Laws :
  • Sending threatening messages by email - Sec 503 IPC
  • Sending defamatory messages by email - Sec 499 IPC
  • Forgery of electronic records - Sec 463 IPC
  • Bogus websites, cyber frauds - Sec 420 IPC
  • Email spoofing - Sec 463 IPC
  • Web-Jacking - Sec. 383 IPC
  • E-Mail Abuse - Sec.500 IPC

3. Cyber Crimes under the Special Acts:
  • Online sale of Drugs under Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act
  • Online sale of Arms Act


The complaint regarding commission of cyber crime can be made to the in-charge of the cyber crime cell .